If we could teach computers language instead of numbers and symbols, they would interpret things quicker. To teach it language we would need to group symbols together to be coded into one 'word', all definitions of it should be input or grouped into that 'word', and that should be hardiwred to the mother board, so, instead of counting ones and zero's, they will be using thir 'vocabulary' to execute tasks. Then we could converse with the computer, having it spew out words from it's logic, until it comprehends the langauge being used by the user.
Of course the mother board will look quite different, but the selection of the group will no doubt make the exectutions quicker, and, make the language quicker. Each node thing on the mother board could group similar words into it's group and then make a comprehensible set out of what it recieves, teaching it that some things are more likely to mean this or that, and then through attrition it could make up the answer of the task set out for it.
How about giving it a conscious? A conscious comes about by aggression of the desire to leanr or know, so, then it would be important to make them want to know. This could be set up as a question applied every so often as if it were a task, and the computer could try to answer it using what it has been given to work with. You could set it up each night and let it run through while you sleep. Then in the morning you come back to the computer and tell it if it is correct or not, maybe even learning thnigs along the way for mankind!
This could be done with 'nodes' instead of on off swithces and then adding a erasable memory that it stores all of it's conclusions in.
In time the common answers that are right can be added to the nodes that replace the on off switches then it can evolve, until such a time as it can think for itself, always setting the task as to ask questions about itself, reason out it's memories with it's nodes, and answer queations about itself, ask it if it is finnshed, then tel if it is right or not and write it to memory, taking note of the paths used, which should also be in language. It might sounds long and ardous at the moment, but progress should be swift.